Immunization entails fortifying a child’s immune system with various vaccines in order to fight off infections. As a parent, you might get alarmed by the notion of having needles poked into your little one’s body. Some parents are also frightened by the idea of their child’s system getting overloaded with too many vaccines.
The truth is, these shots are necessary to protect your child against a myriad of infectious diseases, some of which are extremely dangerous and may even prove to be fatal. Being a parent, it is crucial for you to know why immunization is imperative for the health of your child.
Why Is Immunization Necessary?
Your child needs to be immunized because
- Although newborns receive antibodies from the mother, these antibodies decline during the first year of life and so does the child’s immunity.
- A newborn’s immune system is too weak to ward off infections on its own. Immunization provides a safe, quick and highly effective method of supporting the baby’s immune system and strengthening it.
- Once a child has been immunized, his body is able to combat diseases more effectively after exposure to the germs.
- If a child is not vaccinated, he/she is more vulnerable to diseases as compared to the children who have been immunized and even minor infections can have a devastating impact on such a child. Vaccination can therefore, save your child’s life.
- Some of the diseases can render your child immune against a disease life-long. These easily-preventable diseases (polio, for instance) can otherwise put a huge physical strain on the child along with psychological and financial burden on your family
- Different vaccines are given according to a standardized schedule through different stages of childhood and adolescence and they do not overload a child’s body, which is why children can be safely immunized to make them better able to fight off various diseases.
- With a stronger immune system, vaccination ensures that your child misses fewer days at school and is better able to perform.
When Is A Child Immunized?
You can consult a pediatrician online about the vaccination schedule. Usually a child is immunized according to the following schedule.
|Birth||HepB (Hepatitis B vaccine)|
|1–2 months||Hep B 2nd dose|
|2 months||DTaP (Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine)
Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine)
IPV (Inactivated poliovirus vaccine)
PCV (Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine)
RV (Rotavirus vaccine)
|4 months||DTaP, Hib, IPV, PCV, RV|
|6 months||DTaP, Hib, PCV, RV|
|6-18 months||HepB, IPV|
|12–15 months||Hib, MMR (Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine), PCV, Chickenpox|
|12–23 months||Hep A|
|4–6 years||DTaP, MMR, IPV, Varicella|
|11–12 years||HPV (Human papillomavirus vaccine), Tdap (Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis), MCV4 (Meningococcal conjugate vaccine)|
|16–18 years||Meningococcal B vaccine (MenB)|
Immunization Means Better Protection
Pediatricians recommend getting your child vaccinated at the stipulated intervals in order to protect them against deadly infectious diseases including
- Pertussis (whooping cough)
- Rubella (German measles)
- Rota virus infection
- Haemophilus influenzae type B, HiB (Flu)
- Pneumococcal infection
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Chicken pox