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Nephrologist in India
Nephrologists are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases and abnormalities. The best nephrologists in India specialise in conditions such as hypertension, electrolyte disturbances (such as hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia, hyperuricemia, hypomagnesemia, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion), kidney stones, proteinuria, hematuria, acute kidney failure and chronic kidney disease, acute tubular necrosis, azotemia, uremia, acquired cystic kidney disease, polycystic kidney disease and renal cancer to name a few. Early diagnosis is achieved through urinalysis before being referred to a nephrologist doctor, or pediatric nephrologist. Procedures often performed by nephrologists in India include dialysis access insertion, native and transplant kidney biopsy, bone biopsy, fistula management and more. Although nephrology is it's own field of medicine, nephrology doctors often work outside the field in general medical practice. Pediatric nephrology is concerned with both acute and chronic diseases affecting the proper renal function in children. This is considered a field of medicine in itself, due to the unique way the kidneys develop through a person's development into adulthood. Nephrologists are often consulted in the treatment of diseases not solely affecting the kidneys. Due to the function the kidneys play in the human body, nephrology doctors are consulted on the diagnosis and treatment of things such as immunosuppression management, clinical pharmacology, pre-operative medicine, transplant medicine and general/internal medicine. Through proper consultation regarding family history, nephrology doctors can also help with the early diagnosis and treatment of hereditary kidney disorders such as alport syndrome, bartter syndrome, horseshoe kidney, medullary sponge kidney and megaureter/congenital ureteral anomalies